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Effect of Hand and Foot Massage Therapy on Psychological Factors and EEG Activity in Elderly People Requiring Long-Term Care: A Randomized Cross-Over Study

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kyoto Tachibana University, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan
2
Graduate School of Health Science, Kyoto Tachibana University, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan
3
Naris Cosmetics Company Limited, Osaka 553-0001, Japan
4
Japan Wellness Therapist Association, Osaka 553-0001, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9030054
Received: 11 January 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Cognitive Neuroscience)
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Abstract

Massage therapy is widely used as a complementary therapy in the elderly. Here, we investigate the effect of hand and foot massage therapy on psychological factors and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in elderly people requiring long-term care. We included 12 elderly people requiring long-term care, who were randomly divided into two groups (A and B). Group A received hand massage and group B received foot massage, both for 15 min each. After 1 week, group A received foot massage and group B received hand massage, both for 15 min each. We assessed emotions and mood states with a Likert scale after each massage and resting-state EEG activity was measured before and after each massage. Our results showed that both hand and foot massage led to a high degree of pleasant, relaxed, and refreshed feelings. Moreover, resting-state alpha activity significantly increased in the left insular cortex after hand massage (p < 0.05), and in the right and left posterior cingulate cortex after foot massage (p < 0.05). This study suggests that hand and foot massage therapy modulate psychological factors and EEG activity in elderly people requiring long-term care. View Full-Text
Keywords: massage therapy; elderly people; emotion; mood; EEG massage therapy; elderly people; emotion; mood; EEG
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Nakano, H.; Kodama, T.; Ueda, T.; Mori, I.; Tani, T.; Murata, S. Effect of Hand and Foot Massage Therapy on Psychological Factors and EEG Activity in Elderly People Requiring Long-Term Care: A Randomized Cross-Over Study. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 54.

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