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Open AccessArticle

Characteristics of the Uncinate Fasciculus and Cingulum in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Diffusion Tensor Tractography Study

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Inha University School of medicine, Inha University Hospital, Incheon 22332, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(12), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9120377
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 14 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dementia and Cognitive Ageing)
Many studies have examined the relationship between cognition, and the cingulum and uncinate fasciculus (UF). In this study, diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) was used to investigate the correlation between fractional-anisotropy (FA) values and the number of fibers in the cingulum and UF in patients with and without cognitive impairment. The correlation between cognitive function, and the cingulum and UF was also investigated. Thirty patients (14 males, age = 70.68 ± 7.99 years) were divided into a control group (n = 14) and mild-cognitive-impairment (MCI) group (n = 16). The Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB) and DTT were performed to assess cognition and bilateral tracts of the cingulum and UF. The relationship between SNSB values and the cingulum and UF was analyzed. The number of fibers in the right cingulum and right UF were significantly different between the two groups. The MCI group showed thinner tracts in both the cingulum and UF compared to the control group. A significant relationship was found between the number of fibers in the right UF and delayed memory recall. In conclusion, memory loss in MCI was associated with a decreased number of fibers in the right UF, while language and visuospatial function were related to the number of fibers in the right cingulum. View Full-Text
Keywords: diffusion tensor tractography; mild cognitive impairment; uncinate; cingulum diffusion tensor tractography; mild cognitive impairment; uncinate; cingulum
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Park, C.-H.; Kim, S.-H.; Jung, H.-Y. Characteristics of the Uncinate Fasciculus and Cingulum in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Diffusion Tensor Tractography Study. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 377.

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