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Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) for Depression during Pregnancy: Scientific Evidence and What Is Being Said in the Media—A Systematic Review

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Klinikum der Universität München, Ludwig-Maximilian University, 80336 Munich, Germany
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Brain Sci. 2018, 8(8), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci8080155
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 11 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
Major depression is the most frequent morbidity in pregnancy. The first-line therapies, psychopharmacologic treatment and psychotherapy, are either insufficient or may cause severe or teratogenic adverse events. As a result of its local limitation to the patient’s brain, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could potentially be an ideal treatment for pregnant women with depression. A literature search was conducted in medical databases, globally published newspapers, search engines, and clinical trial registers to collect all articles on tDCS for the treatment of depression during pregnancy. The aim of this review was to investigate the scientific evidence of tDCS use for depression during pregnancy and to compare these results with the textual and emotional perception in the media as interventions during pregnancy are under particular surveillance. We detected 13 medical articles dealing with tDCS for depression in pregnancy. Overall, the scientific evidence as well as articles in the media for tDCS in pregnancy are sparse, but promising. Further studies are required in this specifically vulnerable population of pregnant women to generate evidence. It is likely that public interest will increase when the results of a pilot study in Canada are published. View Full-Text
Keywords: tDCS; transcranial direct current stimulation; non-invasive brain stimulation; depression; pregnancy; pregnant; antenatal tDCS; transcranial direct current stimulation; non-invasive brain stimulation; depression; pregnancy; pregnant; antenatal
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Kurzeck, A.K.; Kirsch, B.; Weidinger, E.; Padberg, F.; Palm, U. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) for Depression during Pregnancy: Scientific Evidence and What Is Being Said in the Media—A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 155.

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