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Systematic Review

Impact of Sensory Deficits on Upper Limb Motor Performance in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review

1
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Quebec City, QC G1M 2S8, Canada
2
Department of Rehabilitation, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ben Thompson, Grant Searchfield and Allen Cheong
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(6), 744; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060744
Received: 6 May 2021 / Revised: 27 May 2021 / Accepted: 31 May 2021 / Published: 3 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neurorehabilitation of Sensory Disorders)
People living with cerebral palsy (CP) exhibit motor and sensory impairments that affect unimanual and bimanual functions. The importance of sensory functions for motor control is well known, but the association between motor and sensory functions remains unclear in people living with CP. The objective of this systematic review was to characterize the relationship between sensory deficits and upper limb motor function in individuals living with CP. Methods: Five databases were screened. The inclusion criteria were: (1) including people living with CP, (2) reporting measurements of upper limb motor and sensory functions. A qualitative analysis of the studies’ level of evidence was done. Results: Thirty-three articles were included. Twenty-five articles evaluated tactile functions, 10 proprioceptive functions and 7 visual functions; 31 of the articles reported on unimanual functions and 17 of them reported on bimanual functions. Tactile functions showed a moderate to high association; it was not possible to reach definitive conclusions for proprioceptive and visual functions. Conclusions: The heterogeneity of the results limits the ability to draw definitive conclusions. Further studies should aim to perform more comprehensive assessments of motor and sensory functions, to determine the relative contribution of various sensory modalities to simple and more complex motor functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; upper extremity; motor skills; sensations cerebral palsy; upper extremity; motor skills; sensations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Poitras, I.; Martinie, O.; Robert, M.T.; Campeau-Lecours, A.; Mercier, C. Impact of Sensory Deficits on Upper Limb Motor Performance in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 744. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060744

AMA Style

Poitras I, Martinie O, Robert MT, Campeau-Lecours A, Mercier C. Impact of Sensory Deficits on Upper Limb Motor Performance in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(6):744. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060744

Chicago/Turabian Style

Poitras, Isabelle, Ophélie Martinie, Maxime T. Robert, Alexandre Campeau-Lecours, and Catherine Mercier. 2021. "Impact of Sensory Deficits on Upper Limb Motor Performance in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review" Brain Sciences 11, no. 6: 744. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060744

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