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Virtual Reality for Neurorehabilitation and Cognitive Enhancement

1
Institute for Advanced Study, 9010 Varna, Bulgaria
2
Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(2), 221; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020221
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
Our access to computer-generated worlds changes the way we feel, how we think, and how we solve problems. In this review, we explore the utility of different types of virtual reality, immersive or non-immersive, for providing controllable, safe environments that enable individual training, neurorehabilitation, or even replacement of lost functions. The neurobiological effects of virtual reality on neuronal plasticity have been shown to result in increased cortical gray matter volumes, higher concentration of electroencephalographic beta-waves, and enhanced cognitive performance. Clinical application of virtual reality is aided by innovative brain–computer interfaces, which allow direct tapping into the electric activity generated by different brain cortical areas for precise voluntary control of connected robotic devices. Virtual reality is also valuable to healthy individuals as a narrative medium for redesigning their individual stories in an integrative process of self-improvement and personal development. Future upgrades of virtual reality-based technologies promise to help humans transcend the limitations of their biological bodies and augment their capacity to mold physical reality to better meet the needs of a globalized world. View Full-Text
Keywords: brain cortex; cognition; motor control; neurorehabilitation; perception; robotic devices; self-enhancement; virtual reality brain cortex; cognition; motor control; neurorehabilitation; perception; robotic devices; self-enhancement; virtual reality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Georgiev, D.D.; Georgieva, I.; Gong, Z.; Nanjappan, V.; Georgiev, G.V. Virtual Reality for Neurorehabilitation and Cognitive Enhancement. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 221. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020221

AMA Style

Georgiev DD, Georgieva I, Gong Z, Nanjappan V, Georgiev GV. Virtual Reality for Neurorehabilitation and Cognitive Enhancement. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(2):221. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Georgiev, Danko D., Iva Georgieva, Zhengya Gong, Vijayakumar Nanjappan, and Georgi V. Georgiev. 2021. "Virtual Reality for Neurorehabilitation and Cognitive Enhancement" Brain Sciences 11, no. 2: 221. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020221

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