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Open AccessArticle

Are Linguistic Prediction Deficits Characteristic of Adults with Dyslexia?

1
School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR7 7TJ, UK
2
Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
3
School of Politics, Philosophy, Language, and Communication Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010059
Received: 16 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiple Neurocognitive Deficits and Dyslexia)
Individuals with dyslexia show deficits in phonological abilities, rapid automatized naming, short-term/working memory, processing speed, and some aspects of sensory and visual processing. There is currently one report in the literature that individuals with dyslexia also show impairments in linguistic prediction. The current study sought to investigate prediction in language processing in dyslexia. Forty-one adults with dyslexia and 43 typically-developing controls participated. In the experiment, participants made speeded-acceptability judgements in sentences with word final cloze manipulations. The final word was a high-cloze probability word, a low-cloze probability word, or a semantically anomalous word. Reaction time from the onset of the final word to participants’ response was recorded. Results indicated that individuals with dyslexia showed longer reaction times, and crucially, they showed clear differences from controls in low predictability sentences, which is consistent with deficits in linguistic prediction. Conclusions focus on the mechanism supporting prediction in language comprehension and possible reasons why individuals with dyslexia show less prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslexia; reading disability; sentence processing; linguistic prediction; cloze probability; semantic plausibility dyslexia; reading disability; sentence processing; linguistic prediction; cloze probability; semantic plausibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Engelhardt, P.E.; Yuen, M.K.Y.; Kenning, E.A.; Filipovic, L. Are Linguistic Prediction Deficits Characteristic of Adults with Dyslexia? Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010059

AMA Style

Engelhardt PE, Yuen MKY, Kenning EA, Filipovic L. Are Linguistic Prediction Deficits Characteristic of Adults with Dyslexia? Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(1):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Engelhardt, Paul E.; Yuen, Michelle K.Y.; Kenning, Elise A.; Filipovic, Luna. 2021. "Are Linguistic Prediction Deficits Characteristic of Adults with Dyslexia?" Brain Sci. 11, no. 1: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010059

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