Next Article in Journal
Functional and Structural Connectome Features for Machine Learning Chemo-Brain Prediction in Women Treated for Breast Cancer with Chemotherapy
Next Article in Special Issue
Differential Expression of Inflammatory Markers in Hypoglycemia Unawareness Associated with Type 1 Diabetes: A Case Report
Previous Article in Journal
Neuroimaging of Basal Ganglia in Neurometabolic Diseases in Children
Review

Screening of Cognitive Changes in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review

1
Communication and Society Research Centre, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
Centre for Disability Studies, University College Dublin Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
3
College of Social Sciences and Law, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
4
School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dr Flavia H. Santos, UCD Psychology, Newman Building F217, Belfield, Dublin 4, D04 V1W8, Ireland.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(11), 848; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110848
Received: 28 September 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Risk Factors of Neurocognitive Dysfunction)
Background and Aims: Screening and assessment of cognitive changes in adults with Intellectual Disabilities (ID), mainly Down Syndrome (DS), is crucial to offer appropriate services to their needs. We present a systematic review of the existing instruments assessing dementia, aiming to support researchers and clinicians’ best practice. Methods: Searches were carried out in the databases Web of Science; PubMed; PsycINFO in March 2019 and updated in October 2020. Studies were selected and examined if they: (1) focused on assessing age-related cognitive changes in persons with ID; (2) included adults and/or older adults; (3) included scales and batteries for cognitive assessment. Results: Forty-eight cross-sectional studies and twenty-seven longitudinal studies were selected representing a total sample of 6451 participants (4650 DS and 1801 with other ID). In those studies, we found 39 scales, questionnaires, and inventories, and 13 batteries for assessing cognitive and behavioural changes in adults with DS and other ID. Conclusion: The most used instrument completed by an informant or carer was the Dementia Questionnaire for Learning Disabilities (DLD), and its previous versions. We discuss the strengths and limitations of the instruments and outline recommendations for future use. View Full-Text
Keywords: screening; dementia; intellectual disability; early-onset; neuropsychology screening; dementia; intellectual disability; early-onset; neuropsychology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Paiva, A.F.; Nolan, A.; Thumser, C.; Santos, F.H. Screening of Cognitive Changes in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 848. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110848

AMA Style

Paiva AF, Nolan A, Thumser C, Santos FH. Screening of Cognitive Changes in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(11):848. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110848

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paiva, Andreia F., Adam Nolan, Charlotte Thumser, and Flávia H. Santos 2020. "Screening of Cognitive Changes in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review" Brain Sciences 10, no. 11: 848. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110848

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop