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Article

The Effect of Tactile Training on Sustained Attention in Young Adults

by 1,2,3,4 and 1,2,3,4,*
1
School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Big Data-Based Precision Medicine, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
3
Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
4
Beihang University Hefei Innovation Research Institute, Hefei 230013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(10), 695; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100695
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
Sustained attention is crucial for higher-order cognition and real-world activities. The idea that tactile training improves sustained attention is appealing and has clinical significance. The aim of this study was to explore whether tactile training could improve visual sustained attention. Using 128-channel electroencephalography (EEG), we found that participants with tactile training outperformed non-trainees in the accuracy and calculation efficiency measured by the Math task. Furthermore, trainees demonstrated significantly decreased omission error measured by the sustained attention to response task (SART). We also found that the improvements in behavioral performance were associated with parietal P300 amplitude enhancements. EEG source imaging analyses revealed stronger brain activation among the trainees in the prefrontal and sensorimotor regions at P300. These results suggest that the tactile training can improve sustained attention in young adults, and the improved sustained attention following training may be due to more effective attentional resources allocation. Our findings also indicate the use of a noninvasive tactile training paradigm to improve cognitive functions (e.g., sustained attention) in young adults, potentially leading to new training and rehabilitative protocols. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustained attention to response task (SART); tactile training; EEG source imaging; sustained attention improvements sustained attention to response task (SART); tactile training; EEG source imaging; sustained attention improvements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, Y.; Zhang, J. The Effect of Tactile Training on Sustained Attention in Young Adults. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100695

AMA Style

Luo Y, Zhang J. The Effect of Tactile Training on Sustained Attention in Young Adults. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(10):695. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100695

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luo, Yu, and Jicong Zhang. 2020. "The Effect of Tactile Training on Sustained Attention in Young Adults" Brain Sciences 10, no. 10: 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100695

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