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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(8), 1578;

Method of Feature Reduction in Short Text Classification Based on Feature Clustering

1,†,‡, 1,‡, 1,*, 2,* and 1
School of Computer Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410073, China
Science and Technology on Information Systems Engineering Laboratory, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Central South University, Changsha 410073, China.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Computing and Artificial Intelligence)
PDF [560 KB, uploaded 16 April 2019]


One decisive problem of short text classification is the serious dimensional disaster when utilizing a statistics-based approach to construct vector spaces. Here, a feature reduction method is proposed that is based on two-stage feature clustering (TSFC), which is applied to short text classification. Features are semi-loosely clustered by combining spectral clustering with a graph traversal algorithm. Next, intra-cluster feature screening rules are designed to remove outlier feature words, which improves the effect of similar feature clusters. We classify short texts with corresponding similar feature clusters instead of original feature words. Similar feature clusters replace feature words, and the dimension of vector space is significantly reduced. Several classifiers are utilized to evaluate the effectiveness of this method. The results show that the method largely resolves the dimensional disaster and it can significantly improve the accuracy of short text classification.
Keywords: feature reduction; feature clustering; short text classification; word embedding feature reduction; feature clustering; short text classification; word embedding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, F.; Yin, Y.; Shi, J.; Mao, X.; Shi, R. Method of Feature Reduction in Short Text Classification Based on Feature Clustering. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1578.

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