Multi-label text classification refers to a text divided into multiple categories simultaneously, which corresponds to a text associated with multiple topics in the real world. The feature space generated by text data has the characteristics of high dimensionality and sparsity. Feature selection is an efficient technology that removes useless and redundant features, reduces the dimension of the feature space, and avoids dimension disaster. A feature selection method for multi-label text based on feature importance is proposed in this paper. Firstly, multi-label texts are transformed into single-label texts using the label assignment method. Secondly, the importance of each feature is calculated using the method based on Category Contribution (CC). Finally, features with higher importance are selected to construct the feature space. In the proposed method, the feature importance is calculated from the perspective of the category, which ensures the selected features have strong category discrimination ability. Specifically, the contributions of the features to each category from two aspects of inter-category and intra-category are calculated, then the importance of the features is obtained with the combination of them. The proposed method is tested on six public data sets and the experimental results are good, which demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited