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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 628; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9040628

Evaluating the Role of Aggregate Gradation on Cracking Performance of Asphalt Concrete for Thin Overlays

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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Received: 15 January 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Asphalt Materials)
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Abstract

Thin asphalt concrete overlays are a maintenance technique that mainly restore the functional properties of pavements. One of the main issues in thin overlays is reflective cracking that can cause early deterioration and reduce their service life. For this reason, the purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effect of material selection on cracking performance of asphalt concrete mixtures for thin overlays. In particular, this paper evaluates the role of aggregate skeleton gradation. The study of the effect of aggregate gradation was divided into two stages: (1) fine fraction content and (2) maximum nominal aggregate size. Based on this, up to seven asphalt mixture gradations were designed and evaluated through the Fénix test at different test temperatures. The results showed a significant correlation between the fine fraction content, and maximum nominal aggregate size, and the cracking performance of the asphalt concrete mixtures. Mixtures manufactured with a low content of fine aggregates, as well as small nominal maximum size, experienced a further improvement of their toughness. These results reflected the importance of considering not only the effect of asphalt binder and environmental conditions but also aggregate gradation in the design of asphalt concrete mixtures in order to achieve a desirable cracking performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: aggregate gradation; fine aggregates; maximum aggregate size; cracking; Fénix test aggregate gradation; fine aggregates; maximum aggregate size; cracking; Fénix test
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Garcia-Gil, L.; Miró, R.; Pérez-Jiménez, F.E. Evaluating the Role of Aggregate Gradation on Cracking Performance of Asphalt Concrete for Thin Overlays. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 628.

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