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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 602;

Step-Pulse Modulation of Gain-Switched Semiconductor Pulsed Laser

School of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultrafast Laser Pulses)
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To improve the peak power and extinction ratio and produce ultra-short pulses, a novel approach is presented in this paper offers a highly effective modulated method for a gain-switched semiconductor laser by using step-pulse signal modulation. For the purpose of single pulse output, then the effects on the output from the gain-switched semiconductor laser are studied by simulating single mode rate equation when changing the amplitude and width of the modulated signal. The results show that the proposed method can effectively accelerate the accumulation speed of the population inversion and we can acquire the output pulse with higher peak power and shorter width. Compared with the traditional rectangular wave modulation, this method is advantageous to obtain a high gain switching effect by increasing the second modulation current and reduce the pulse width to saturation at the best working point. It can be incorporated as a practical and cost-effective approach for many fields which need high extinction ratio short pulse, such as the optical time domain reflectometry. View Full-Text
Keywords: gain-switched semiconductor laser; rate equation; step modulation; simulation; curve fitting gain-switched semiconductor laser; rate equation; step modulation; simulation; curve fitting

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, B.; Sun, C.; Ling, Y.; Zhou, H.; Qiu, K. Step-Pulse Modulation of Gain-Switched Semiconductor Pulsed Laser. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 602.

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