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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 593; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9030593

Influence of Multiple Factors on the Wettability and Surface Free Energy of Leaf Surface

College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
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Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
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Abstract

The wettability of plant leaves directly reflects leaf hydrophilicity, which is the key factor that influences the adhesion of liquid pesticide as well as affects plant protection products (PPP) efficacy. Generally, the wettability of leaf surface is quantified by the contact angle and surface free energy (SFE), which are mainly dependent on leaf surface properties, liquid properties and other spraying parameters. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to investigate the SFE of rice and rape leaves with the variation of leaf status, leaf surface, and probe liquid as well as the influence of droplet falling height, solid surface, and PPP concentration on the wettability. The results showed that: (1) the dispersive components of SFE of rice and rape account for a large proportion which are closely related to their hydrophobicity—the abaxial of rape new leaf and the adaxial of rape old leaf are easier to wet comparing with rice and rape leaves in other statuses; (2) the increase of droplet falling height had a significant effect on improving the wettability between wax surface and adjuvant solution, while it had little improving effect on the wettability between wax surface and water; (3) the wettability of different solid surface varied greatly, and the order of wettability from good to bad is water-sensitive paper (WSP), wax, rape leaf, and rice leaf; (4) the effect of PPP concentration on the leaf surface wettability is significant, the contact angle decreased with the increase of PPP concentration, and the wettability of microemulsion is better than that of suspending agent and wettable powder. In conclusion, the SFE and wettability of crop leaf surface determine the suitable type of PPP, studying the influence of multiple factors on leaf surface wettability can provide a reliable reference for providing scientific guidance as well as improving the effective utilization of PPP. View Full-Text
Keywords: wettability; surface free energy; contact angle; droplet falling height; plant protection products wettability; surface free energy; contact angle; droplet falling height; plant protection products
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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He, Y.; Xiao, S.; Wu, J.; Fang, H. Influence of Multiple Factors on the Wettability and Surface Free Energy of Leaf Surface. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 593.

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