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Open AccessArticle

Hydrodynamic Ram Effect Caused by Debris Hypervelocity Impact on Satellite Tank

1
Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Space Engineering University, Beijing 101416, China
2
Department of Electronic and Optical Engineering, Space Engineering University, Beijing 101416, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(20), 4200; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9204200
Received: 5 September 2019 / Revised: 6 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
To study the hydrodynamic ram effect caused by the debris hypervelocity impact on the satellite tank, a numerical simulation of the spherical debris impacting the satellite tank at the velocity of 7000 m/s was carried out based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA software. The attenuation law of debris velocity, the propagation process of the shock wave and the deformation of the tank walls were investigated. The influences of the liquid-filling ratio, the magnitude, and direction of angular velocity on the hydrodynamic ram effect were analyzed. Results show that the debris velocity decreased rapidly and the residual velocity was 263 m/s when the debris passed through the tank. The shock wave was hemispherical, and the pressure of shock wave was the smallest at the element with an angle of 90° to the impact line. The maximum diameter of the front perforation was larger than that of the back perforation and the bulge height on the front wall was smaller than that on the back wall. With the decrease of the liquid-filling ratio, the diameter of the perforations and bulge height decreased. When the debris impacted the satellite tank with the angular velocity in the x direction, the debris trajectory did not deflect. When the debris impacted the satellite tank with the angular velocities in the y and z direction, the debris trajectory deflected to the negative direction of the z axis and y axis, respectively. The magnitude of the angular velocity affects the residual velocity of debris and the diameter of perforations. View Full-Text
Keywords: debris; hypervelocity impact; satellite tank; hydrodynamic ram effect; numerical simulation debris; hypervelocity impact; satellite tank; hydrodynamic ram effect; numerical simulation
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Zhao, B.; Zhao, J.; Cui, C.; Duan, Y. Hydrodynamic Ram Effect Caused by Debris Hypervelocity Impact on Satellite Tank. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4200.

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