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Open AccessArticle

European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps

1
Department of Urban and Spatial Planning, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Higher Technical School of Architecture, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Higher Technical School of Civil Engineering, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(18), 3859; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9183859
Received: 17 August 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 13 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends of Sustainability in Civil Engineering and Architecture)
The European Union (EU) has assigned municipal governments a key role in the transformations needed to achieve its climate and energy objectives. One of the main initiatives of the EU has been the “The Covenant of Mayors”, launched in 2008, with impacts beyond Europe due to integration with the “Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy”. This research focuses on local measures to adapt to climate change, verifying their differences between themselves, and aims to identify and characterize patterns in the different adaptation strategies examined. Further aims are (i) the collection of good practices, framed in the Mayors Adapt initiative, managing multidimensional data from the context and from its adaptation proposals; (ii) the classification of strategies in profiles and patterns using artificial neural networks based on the previous variables; (iii) the characterization and comparison of such profiles. The results substantiate the existence of several well-differentiated approaches, connected with their geographical context, vulnerability and politics. These results provide valuable information for its interpretation and for the planning of climate change adaptation actions, highlighting the value of the creation of networks of institutional collaboration targeted at each strategic framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: European policies; climate change; adaptation; profiles; pattern; Artificial Intelligence; Self-Organizing Maps; sustainability; urban planning European policies; climate change; adaptation; profiles; pattern; Artificial Intelligence; Self-Organizing Maps; sustainability; urban planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abarca-Alvarez, F.J.; Navarro-Ligero, M.L.; Valenzuela-Montes, L.M.; Campos-Sánchez, F.S. European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3859. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9183859

AMA Style

Abarca-Alvarez FJ, Navarro-Ligero ML, Valenzuela-Montes LM, Campos-Sánchez FS. European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(18):3859. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9183859

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abarca-Alvarez, Francisco J.; Navarro-Ligero, Miguel L.; Valenzuela-Montes, Luis M.; Campos-Sánchez, Francisco S. 2019. "European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 18: 3859. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9183859

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