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Open AccessArticle

DC-Microgrid Operation Planning for an Electric Vehicle Supply Infrastructure

Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Politecnico di Bari, 70125 Bari, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2687; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132687
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 30 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Energy Management of Electrical Power Systems)
The integration of electric vehicles (EVs) in power systems can be encouraged by charging station diffusion. These stations can perform smart charging processes, and can take advantage of the involvement of distributed generation sources in a microgrid framework. Furthermore, since photovoltaic batteries and EVs are sources based on direct current (DC), the realization of a DC microgrid structure is promising, though challenging. In this paper, a mixed-integer linear procedure for determining optimal operation planning of a DC-based electric vehicle supply infrastructure is proposed. The procedure aims at optimizing daily operational costs, based on forecast of photovoltaic production and EV exploitation. Peculiar aspects of energy storage devices and of the DC microgrid framework are accounted for through a non-linear iterative procedure. The proposed approach is applied to a test DC microgrid on different operation days and its effectiveness is compared to non-linear formulation solved by means of a genetic algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle integration; energy management; DC microgrid features; mixed integer linear programming electric vehicle integration; energy management; DC microgrid features; mixed integer linear programming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aluisio, B.; Bruno, S.; De Bellis, L.; Dicorato, M.; Forte, G.; Trovato, M. DC-Microgrid Operation Planning for an Electric Vehicle Supply Infrastructure. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132687

AMA Style

Aluisio B, Bruno S, De Bellis L, Dicorato M, Forte G, Trovato M. DC-Microgrid Operation Planning for an Electric Vehicle Supply Infrastructure. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(13):2687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132687

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aluisio, Benedetto; Bruno, Sergio; De Bellis, Luca; Dicorato, Maria; Forte, Giuseppe; Trovato, Michele. 2019. "DC-Microgrid Operation Planning for an Electric Vehicle Supply Infrastructure" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 13: 2687. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132687

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