Sweet orange (Citrus sinensis
) peel, one of the most underutilized biowaste, was in this study employed for the green synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as an alternative source of reductant and stabilizer. Spherical AuNPs with narrow size distribution (1.75 ± 0.86 nm) were obtained by controlling pH and adjusting sequence for the first time. ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), dynamic light scattering (DLS) were applied to detect the characteristic surface plasmon resonance peak, morphological and aggregate characteristic, elementary composition and hydrodynamic diameter, respectively. The major functional groups in extract were tested by Fourier transform infrared(FT-IR) spectrophotometer to characterize the components which are responsible for the reduction and stabilization of AuNPs. The possible role of the components during the process of AuNPs synthesis is also discussed. The result of this study enriched the green source for ultra-small AuNPs synthesis, and will help to understand the mechanism of synthesis and stability of ultra-small AuNPs by fruit peels extract.
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