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Article

Simple Degree-of-Freedom Modeling of the Random Fluctuation Arising in Human–Bicycle Balance

Department of Mechanical and Intelligent Engineering, Utsunomiya University, Tochigi 321-8585, Japan
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2154; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102154
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 17 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vibration-Based Structural Health Monitoring)
In this study, we propose a new simple degree-of-freedom fluctuation model that accurately reproduces the probability density functions (PDFs) of human–bicycle balance motions as simply as possible. First, we measure the time series of the roll angular displacement and velocity of human–bicycle balance motions and construct their PDFs. Next, using these PDFs as training data, we identify the model parameters by means of particle swarm optimization; in particular, we minimize the Kolmogorov–Smirnov distance between the human PDFs from the participants and the PDFs simulated by our model. The resulting PDF fitnesses were over 98.7 % for all participants, indicating that our simulated PDFs were in close agreement with human PDFs. Furthermore, the Kolmogorov–Smirnov statistical hypothesis testing was applied to the resulting human–bicycle fluctuation model, showing that the measured time responses were much better supported by our model than the Gaussian distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: human–bicycle balance; stochastic model; identification; probability density function; particle swarm optimization human–bicycle balance; stochastic model; identification; probability density function; particle swarm optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoshida, K.; Sato, K.; Yamanaka, Y. Simple Degree-of-Freedom Modeling of the Random Fluctuation Arising in Human–Bicycle Balance. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2154. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102154

AMA Style

Yoshida K, Sato K, Yamanaka Y. Simple Degree-of-Freedom Modeling of the Random Fluctuation Arising in Human–Bicycle Balance. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(10):2154. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102154

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoshida, Katsutoshi; Sato, Keishi; Yamanaka, Yoshikazu. 2019. "Simple Degree-of-Freedom Modeling of the Random Fluctuation Arising in Human–Bicycle Balance" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 10: 2154. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102154

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