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Strength and Damping Properties of Cementitious Composites Incorporating Original and Alkali Treated Flax Fibers

1,2,3, 1,2,3,*, 1,2,3, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3
1
Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control of the Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Key Lab of Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Heilongjiang, Harbin 150090, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2002; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102002
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Civil Engineering)
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Abstract

This experimental investigation focused on the mechanical and damping properties of raw and alkali treated flax fibers reinforced cementitious composites. The objective of this study was to research the influence of flax fiber for the damping properties of cementitious composites. The mechanical strengths were obtained using compressive and flexural tests and damping properties were measured using a dynamic mechanical analysis. Structural modifications to the treated flax fibers were analyzed using scanning electronic microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. Results showed that cement compressive strength was decreased, and flexural strength was increased by the addition of untreated flax fibers. Alkali treatment improved the mechanical strength of flax reinforced cement. The addition of flax fibers improved cement damping properties, and the damping effect of untreated flax fibers was greater than that of alkali treated fibers. The loss tangent of the cementitious composites reinforced with raw and alkali treated flax fibers at an amount of 1 wt % of cement was improved by 45.83% and 37.5% at 20 Hz, respectively. The damping properties of flax fiber was attributed to friction between elementary fibers and between adjacent fiber cell walls and slipping between the fiber and matrix. Callouses, pectin, and lignocellulose in untreated flax fiber contributed to damping and their removal by alkali treatment was the main reason why untreated flax fibers had a greater damping effect as compared to alkali-modified flax fibers. View Full-Text
Keywords: flax fibers; cementitious composites; mechanical strength; damping properties flax fibers; cementitious composites; mechanical strength; damping properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lai, P.; Zhi, X.; Shen, S.; Wang, Z.; Yu, P. Strength and Damping Properties of Cementitious Composites Incorporating Original and Alkali Treated Flax Fibers. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2002.

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