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Chemical Characteristics of Fine Particulate Matter in Poland in Relation with Data from Selected Rural and Urban Background Stations in Europe

1
Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 M. Skłodowska-Curie Str., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
2
Faculty of Building Services, Hydro and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 20 Nowowiejska Str., 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010098
Received: 25 November 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 28 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution)
Air pollution by particulate matter (PM) is recognized as a one of the most important environmental issue. A particular attention is being paid to fine PM fraction (PM2.5, PM1.0) due to its detrimental impact on human health and long-term persistence in the air. Presented work is an in-depth bibliometric study on the concentrations and chemical composition of PM2.5 among 27 rural and 38 urban/urban background stations dispersed across the Europe. Obtained results indicate that the chemical composition of PM2.5, in terms of mass concentrations and percentage contribution of main chemical constituents, is relatively different in various parts of Europe. Urban and urban background stations are typically characterized by higher share of total carbon (TC) in PM2.5, compared to rural background sites, mostly pronounced during the heating periods. The share of the secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) is typically higher at rural background stations, especially in North-Western Europe. In general, the relative contribution of SIA in PM2.5 mass, both at rural and urban background stations, showed more or less pronounced seasonal variation, opposite to Polish measurement sites. Moreover, Poland stands out from the majority of the European stations by strong dominance of total carbon over secondary inorganic aerosol. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM2.5; chemical composition; secondary inorganic aerosol; carbonaceous matter; rural background; urban background; air quality monitoring PM2.5; chemical composition; secondary inorganic aerosol; carbonaceous matter; rural background; urban background; air quality monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Błaszczak, B.; Widziewicz-Rzońca, K.; Zioła, N.; Klejnowski, K.; Juda-Rezler, K. Chemical Characteristics of Fine Particulate Matter in Poland in Relation with Data from Selected Rural and Urban Background Stations in Europe. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010098

AMA Style

Błaszczak B, Widziewicz-Rzońca K, Zioła N, Klejnowski K, Juda-Rezler K. Chemical Characteristics of Fine Particulate Matter in Poland in Relation with Data from Selected Rural and Urban Background Stations in Europe. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(1):98. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Błaszczak, Barbara, Kamila Widziewicz-Rzońca, Natalia Zioła, Krzysztof Klejnowski, and Katarzyna Juda-Rezler. 2019. "Chemical Characteristics of Fine Particulate Matter in Poland in Relation with Data from Selected Rural and Urban Background Stations in Europe" Applied Sciences 9, no. 1: 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010098

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