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Role of Need-Supportive Family Behaviours on Purpose in Life and Depressive Feelings of French Older People: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

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Laboratory of Vulnerabilities and Innovation in Sport (EA 7428), Interdisciplinary Research Confederation in Sport (FED 4272), University of Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Univ Lyon, 69100 Lyon, France
2
Research Team of Psychology of Ages of Life (EA 2114), University François Rabelais, 37000 Tours, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010115
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 30 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering)
Grounded in a self-determination theory framework, this study aimed to examine the relationships between satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs (BPN), need-supportive family behaviours, social support, purpose in life, and depressive feelings among older people living at home. We used a partial least squares path modelling approach among 118 older people living at home (Mage = 74.42 + 8.96). Results showed that: (1) Availability of social support and family support for competence negatively predicted BPN frustration significantly; (2) family support for autonomy and competence positively predicted BPN satisfaction significantly; (3) BPN satisfaction for competence positively predicted purpose in life significantly; and (4) BPN frustration for competence and relatedness positively predicted depressive feelings significantly and negatively predicted purpose in life significantly. This study provided evidence for broadening the concept of social support by taking into account need-supportive family behaviours when one wants to study well- and ill-being in older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: need-supportive family behaviours; self-determination theory; social support; well- and ill-being; older people need-supportive family behaviours; self-determination theory; social support; well- and ill-being; older people
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Martinent, G.; Ferrand, C.; Humblot, E.; Bauvineau, A.; Noisiez, M. Role of Need-Supportive Family Behaviours on Purpose in Life and Depressive Feelings of French Older People: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 115.

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