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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1503;

Pallet Picking Strategy in Food Collecting Center

Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management, Polytechnic University of Bari, Viale Japigia 182, 70123 Bari, Italy
Department of Economics, University of Foggia, Largo Papa Giovanni Paolo II 1, 71121 Foggia, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 18 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental and Sustainable Science and Technology)
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This study aims to analyze the optimal warehouse layout for agricultural and food collecting centers that help small–medium farms to trade in the short food supply chain, by choosing among longitudinal, transversal, and fishbone layout. The developed model allows for the identification of the warehouse ensuring the least impact through inbound material handling, under both an economic and an environmental perspective. The analysis was carried out by using an analytical model to minimize the travelling time of the goods from picking to delivery area. The model considers the different turnover index from which four hypotheses were formulated to implement the results. The Carbon Footprint (CF) and Management Costs (MCs) were calculated by the picking time performance. Findings: Results show that the optimal warehouse layout can be identified after a careful consideration of the turnover indexes. However, for seasonality, the optimal design might be missed across the seasons. Practical implications: the analysis hereby presented is related to those collecting centers aiming to gather conspicuous amounts of seasonal food. View Full-Text
Keywords: food supply chain; sustainable logistic; carbon footprint; material handling equipment; green warehousing food supply chain; sustainable logistic; carbon footprint; material handling equipment; green warehousing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Facchini, F.; De Pascale, G.; Faccilongo, N. Pallet Picking Strategy in Food Collecting Center. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1503.

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