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Open AccessArticle

A Study on the Improvement Effect and Field Applicability of the Deep Soft Ground by Ground Heating Method

Kumoh National Institute of Technology, Gumi-si 39177, Korea
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(6), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8060852
Received: 25 April 2018 / Revised: 19 May 2018 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sciences in Heat Pump and Refrigeration)
The soft ground in coastal areas should be treated when it needs to be used for the sustainably developed of urban or industrial complex constructions. The ground heating method for soft ground improvement was applied in Eastern Europe in the 1960s, but it was not widely used due to economic and environmental problems. The author developed a device for improving soft ground using an electric heating pipe. This paper investigates the improvement effect and field application of deep soft ground by the ground heating method using the electric heating pipe. Ground heating increases the temperature of the deep soft ground and increases the tip resistance of the static electronic piezo-cone penetration test. Additionally, the pressure of the pore water decreases because the pore water is evaporated due to the ground heating. As a result of the experiment, it was verified that there was an improvement in the effect of deep soft ground by the ground heating method. With ground heating for 96 h, the tip resistance was increased by 61% at a point 0.35 m horizontally away from the electric heat pipe, 22% at 0.97 m, and 2% at 1.31 m. As a result of the field test, it was found that there were no problems in the power supply of the diesel generator and the control panel. It was easy to install the electric heating pipes in the deep soft ground. However, due to boring, the ground was disturbed and water vapor was discharged through this gap. To minimize the discharge of water vapor, it is necessary to drive the electric heating pipe. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable coastal development; soft ground improvement; ground heating method; electric heating pipe; CPT test sustainable coastal development; soft ground improvement; ground heating method; electric heating pipe; CPT test
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Park, M. A Study on the Improvement Effect and Field Applicability of the Deep Soft Ground by Ground Heating Method. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 852.

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