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Deep Embedment (DE) FRP Shear Strengthening of Concrete Bridge Slabs under Loads Close to Supports

Department of Civil Engineering, Dongguan University of Technology, No. 1, University Road, Dongguan 523808, Guangdong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(5), 721;
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 28 April 2018 / Accepted: 30 April 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Construction Materials and Sustainable Infrastructure)


Shear forces are the most common governing failure mechanism of reinforced concrete bridge deck slabs subjected to loads close to their supports. This paper reveals a comprehensive study of the behaviour of concrete slabs shear-strengthened with a deep embedment fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) technique. In the experimental investigation, a series of eight full scale concrete slabs were created and tested up to failure. Several structural variables were changed to assess the effectiveness of this shear strengthening technique. The behaviour of test slabs is discussed and the influence of this strategy was evaluated by comparing the test results. It was shown that brittle shear failures could be avoided by using this strengthening strategy. The ultimate capacity and deflection at the failure were both enhanced by using the deep embedment strengthening method. Additionally, a nonlinear finite element analysis (NLFEA) was proposed to develop further investigation. This NLFEA model gave excellent predictions for the structural behaviour of the test concrete slabs. Finally, a two-way theoretical model was proposed to predict the loading-carrying capacity of concrete slabs strengthened with deep embedment FRP bars. The ultimate strength predicted by this theoretical method showed good agreement with that from the test results. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep embedment strengthening; FRP; concrete slabs; shear strengthening; ductility deep embedment strengthening; FRP; concrete slabs; shear strengthening; ductility

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xia, L.; Zheng, Y. Deep Embedment (DE) FRP Shear Strengthening of Concrete Bridge Slabs under Loads Close to Supports. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 721.

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