Next Article in Journal
Analysis of Steel Wire Rope Diagnostic Data Applying Multi-Criteria Methods
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Stiff Hangers on the Longitudinal Structural Behavior of Tied-Arch Bridges
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 259;

Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization

Institut pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie, Université d’Antananarivo, BP 566, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5622 KB, uploaded 9 February 2018]   |  


Transition metal carbides have been utilized as an alternative catalyst to expensive noble metals for the conversion of biomass. Tungsten and molybdenum carbides have been shown to be effective catalysts for hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation and isomerization reactions. The satisfactory activities of these metal carbides and their low costs, compared with noble metals, make them appealing alternatives and worthy of further investigation. In this review, we succinctly describe common synthesis techniques, including temperature-programmed reaction and carbothermal hydrogen reduction, utilized to prepare metal carbides used for biomass transformation. Attention will be focused, successively, on the application of transition metal carbide catalysts in the transformation of first-generation (oils) and second-generation (lignocellulose) biomass to biofuels and fine chemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chan-Thaw, C.E.; Villa, A. Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 259.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top