Next Article in Journal
Analysis of Steel Wire Rope Diagnostic Data Applying Multi-Criteria Methods
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Stiff Hangers on the Longitudinal Structural Behavior of Tied-Arch Bridges
Open AccessReview

Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization

Institut pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie, Université d’Antananarivo, BP 566, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 259;
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
Transition metal carbides have been utilized as an alternative catalyst to expensive noble metals for the conversion of biomass. Tungsten and molybdenum carbides have been shown to be effective catalysts for hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation and isomerization reactions. The satisfactory activities of these metal carbides and their low costs, compared with noble metals, make them appealing alternatives and worthy of further investigation. In this review, we succinctly describe common synthesis techniques, including temperature-programmed reaction and carbothermal hydrogen reduction, utilized to prepare metal carbides used for biomass transformation. Attention will be focused, successively, on the application of transition metal carbide catalysts in the transformation of first-generation (oils) and second-generation (lignocellulose) biomass to biofuels and fine chemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chan-Thaw, C.E.; Villa, A. Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 259.

AMA Style

Chan-Thaw CE, Villa A. Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(2):259.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan-Thaw, Carine E.; Villa, Alberto. 2018. "Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization" Appl. Sci. 8, no. 2: 259.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop