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Experimental and Simulation Study of Low-Velocity Impact on Glass Fiber Composite Laminates with Reinforcing Shape Memory Alloys at Different Layer Positions
Open AccessReview

Improvement of the Impact Properties of Composite Laminates by Means of Nano-Modification of the Matrix—A Review

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tafresh University, Tehran Road, 3951879611 Tafresh, Iran
2
New Technologies Research Center (NTRC), Amirkabir University of Technology, 1591633311 Tehran, Iran
3
Department of Design and Mathematics, The University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
4
Department of Industrial Engineering (DIN), University of Bologna, Via Fontanelle 40, 47121 Forlì, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(12), 2406; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122406
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Nanotechnology and Applied Nanosciences)
This paper reviews recent works on the application of nanofibers and nanoparticle reinforcements to enhance the interlaminar fracture toughness, to reduce the impact induced damage and to improve the compression after impact performance of fiber reinforced composites with brittle thermosetting resins. The nanofibers have been mainly used as mats embedded between plies of laminated composites, whereas the nanoparticles have been used in 0D, 1D, 2D, and 3D dimensional patterns to reinforce the matrix and consequently the composite. The reinforcement mechanisms are presented, and a comparison is done between the different papers in the literature. This review shows that in order to have an efficient reinforcement effect, careful consideration is required in the manufacturing, materials selection and reinforcement content and percentage. The selection of the right parameters can provide a tough and impact resistant composite with cost effective reinforcements. View Full-Text
Keywords: matrix nanomodification; nanofibers; nanoparticles; composites; impact loading; delamination matrix nanomodification; nanofibers; nanoparticles; composites; impact loading; delamination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saghafi, H.; Fotouhi, M.; Minak, G. Improvement of the Impact Properties of Composite Laminates by Means of Nano-Modification of the Matrix—A Review. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2406.

AMA Style

Saghafi H, Fotouhi M, Minak G. Improvement of the Impact Properties of Composite Laminates by Means of Nano-Modification of the Matrix—A Review. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(12):2406.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saghafi, Hamed; Fotouhi, Mohamad; Minak, Giangiacomo. 2018. "Improvement of the Impact Properties of Composite Laminates by Means of Nano-Modification of the Matrix—A Review" Appl. Sci. 8, no. 12: 2406.

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