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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2329;

A Simplified Analysis to Predict the Fire Hazard of Primary Lithium Battery

School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China
Firefighting and Rescue Technology Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Public Security, China People’s Police University, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China
College of Ocean Science and Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, China
School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1769 KB, uploaded 21 November 2018]   |  


To better understand the fire risk of primary lithium batteries, the combustion properties of different numbers of primary lithium batteries were investigated experimentally in this work. Based on the t2 fire principle and total heat release results from the experiments, a simplified analysis was developed to predict the fire hazard, and especially the heat release rate, of primary lithium batteries. By comparing the experiment and simulation results, the simulation line agrees well with the heat release rate curve based on the oxygen consumption measurements of a single primary lithium battery. When multiple batteries are burned, each battery ignites at different times throughout the process. The ignition time difference parameter is introduced into the simulation to achieve similar results as during multiple batteries combustion. These simulation curves conform well to the experimental curves, demonstrating that this heat release rate simulation analysis is suitable for application in batteries fires. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium battery; heat release rate; t2 fire; simulation lithium battery; heat release rate; t2 fire; simulation

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Chen, M.; Liu, J.; Dongxu, O.; Cao, S.; Wang, Z.; Wang, J. A Simplified Analysis to Predict the Fire Hazard of Primary Lithium Battery. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2329.

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