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Open AccessArticle

Acoustic Emission Based on Cluster and Sentry Function to Monitor Tensile Progressive Damage of Carbon Fiber Woven Composites

by Wei Zhou 1,2,*, Peng-fei Zhang 1,2 and Yan-nan Zhang 1,2
1
College of Quality and Technical Supervision, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
2
Non-Destructive Testing Laboratory, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2265; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112265
Received: 24 October 2018 / Revised: 6 November 2018 / Accepted: 13 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damage Inspection of Composite Structures)
Understanding the tensile failure mechanisms in carbon fiber woven composites based on the acoustic emission (AE) technique is a challenging task. In this study, the mechanical behaviors of composites were studied under uniaxial tensile loading. Meanwhile, the internal damage evolution process in composites was monitored by AE and the recorded AE signals were analyzed. To achieve the dominant damage mechanisms in composites, five AE parameters such as rise time, duration, energy, peak amplitude, and frequency were selected for cluster analysis by a k-means algorithm. The results show that AE signals can be divided into three clusters based on microscopic observations and frequency range. The three clusters correspond to three kinds of damage modes such as matrix cracking, fiber/matrix debonding, and fiber breakage. In addition, the sentry function (SF) was adopted to investigate AE signals originated from the internal damage evolution in composites. It was found that the drop in the SF curve corresponds to the serious damage of the composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon fiber woven composites; cluster analysis; damage mechanism; AE; Sentry Function carbon fiber woven composites; cluster analysis; damage mechanism; AE; Sentry Function
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, W.; Zhang, P.-F.; Zhang, Y.-N. Acoustic Emission Based on Cluster and Sentry Function to Monitor Tensile Progressive Damage of Carbon Fiber Woven Composites. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2265.

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