Next Article in Journal
Quadrotor Formation Strategies Based on Distributed Consensus and Model Predictive Controls
Previous Article in Journal
An Enhanced Mobility and Temperature Aware Routing Protocol through Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method in Wireless Body Area Networks
Open AccessArticle

Three-Dimensional Nanofluid Flow with Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis over a Linear Stretching Surface with Convective Boundary Conditions

1
Department of Applied Mathematics, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Dongxiang Road, Chang’an District, Xi’an 710129, China
2
Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
3
Department of Mathematics, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
4
Department of Mathematics, Kohat University of Science and technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2244; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112244
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 7 November 2018 / Accepted: 10 November 2018 / Published: 14 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Nanotechnology and Applied Nanosciences)
In this study, we analyzed the three-dimensional flow of Williamson (pseudoplastic) fluids upon a linear porous stretching sheet. The thermal radiation impact was taken into account. The transformed non-linear equations were solved by the homotopy analysis method (HAM). The influence of the embedded parameters tretching parameter, Williamson parameter, porosity parameter, thermal radiation parameter, thermophoresis parameter, Brownian motion parameter, Prandtl number and Biot number are presented on velocity, temperature and concentration functions in the graphs and explained in detail. The velocity function along the x-direction reduces with the impact of the stretching, porosity and Williamson parameters. Velocity along the y-direction increases with the stretching parameter, while it reduces with the porosity and Williamson parameters. The effect of Skin friction, heat transfer and mass transfer are shown numerically. The numerical values of surface drag force and the impact of different parameters are calculated and it is observed that increasing the stretching parameter and the porosity parameter reduces the surface drag force, while increasing the Williamson parameter augments the surface drag force. Higher values of the stretching parameter, the Prandtl number and the radiation parameter enhance the heat transfer rate, while the augmented value of the thermophoresis and Brownian motion parameters reduces the heat transfer rate, where higher values of the stretching parameter, thermophoresis and Brownian motion parameters enhance the mass transfer rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluid; heat transfer; mass transfer; Williamson fluid; convective boundary condition; HAM nanofluid; heat transfer; mass transfer; Williamson fluid; convective boundary condition; HAM
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, A.S.; Nie, Y.; Shah, Z.; Dawar, A.; Khan, W.; Islam, S. Three-Dimensional Nanofluid Flow with Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis over a Linear Stretching Surface with Convective Boundary Conditions. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112244

AMA Style

Khan AS, Nie Y, Shah Z, Dawar A, Khan W, Islam S. Three-Dimensional Nanofluid Flow with Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis over a Linear Stretching Surface with Convective Boundary Conditions. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(11):2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112244

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Abdul S.; Nie, Yufeng; Shah, Zahir; Dawar, Abdullah; Khan, Waris; Islam, Saeed. 2018. "Three-Dimensional Nanofluid Flow with Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis over a Linear Stretching Surface with Convective Boundary Conditions" Appl. Sci. 8, no. 11: 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112244

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop