Next Article in Journal
Qualitative and Quantitative Changes of Carbonate Rocks Exposed to SC CO2 (Basque-Cantabrian Basin, Northern Spain)
Next Article in Special Issue
An Improved Method for Reconfiguring and Optimizing Electrical Active Distribution Network Using Evolutionary Particle Swarm Optimization
Previous Article in Journal
ABS-SOCI: An Agent-Based Simulator of Student Sociograms
Previous Article in Special Issue
Island Partition of Distribution System with Distributed Generators Considering Protection of Vulnerable Nodes
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1127;

CSO Based Solution for Load Kickback Effect in Deregulated Power Systems

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM University, Chennai 603203, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distribution Power Systems)
PDF [5190 KB, uploaded 2 November 2017]


With increase in power demand, load demand values have also risen to a greater extent. Sometimes, these demands are met with the great difficulties. All these difficulties drive us to seek other alternative ways. One such a way demand response (DR) is considered in this paper, it is a new concept that is introduced in the system in order to reduce peak hour stresses. When implementing the demand response, the main setbacks that arise is the load kickback effect, which the sudden rise in demand during non-peak hours that is caused by the overuse of power by consumers, after their constant reduction of power during peak hours. This paper discusses the various kickback load types, and an effective approach to avoid and tackle kickback effect, by an effective method Cat Swarm Optimization (CSO), which is based on studying the movement of cats. The optimization has been implemented on an IEEE 30 bus and 75 bus Indian utility system, and the results are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Unit Commitment; demand response; load kickback effect; Cat Swarm Optimization Unit Commitment; demand response; load kickback effect; Cat Swarm Optimization

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Selvakumar, K.; Vijayakumar, K.; Boopathi, C. CSO Based Solution for Load Kickback Effect in Deregulated Power Systems. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1127.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top