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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1115; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7111115

Preparation of the Nanostructured Radioisotope Metallic Oxide by Neutron Irradiation for Use as Radiotracers

Department of Chemistry, Hannam University, Daejeon 34054, Korea
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Received: 18 September 2017 / Revised: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 28 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
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Abstract

Metallic oxides manganese dioxide (MnO2), samarium oxide (Sm2O3), and dysprosium oxide (Dy2O3) with nanorod-like structures were synthesized by the hydrothermal synthesis method, respectively. Subsequently, the nanostructured radioisotopes MnO2 with Mn-56, Sm2O3 with Sm-153, and Dy2O3 with Dy-165 were prepared by neutron irradiation from the HANARO research reactor, respectively. The three different elements, Mn, Sm, and Dy, were selected as radiotracers because these elements can be easily gamma-activated from neutrons (activation limits: 1 picogram (Dy), 1–10 picogram (Mn), 10–100 picogram (Sm)). Furthermore, the synthesized radioisotopes can be used as radiotracers in Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis as the rare earth metals Dy and Sm were not present in the Korean environment. The successful synthesis of the radioisotope metallic oxides was confirmed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, and gamma spectroscopy analysis. The synthesized nanostructured radioisotope metallic oxides may be used as radiotracers in scientific, environmental, engineering, and industrial fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: radioisotope metallic oxide nanostructure; MnO2 with nanorod-like structure; Sm2O3; Dy2O3 with nanorod-like structure; radiotracer; Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis radioisotope metallic oxide nanostructure; MnO2 with nanorod-like structure; Sm2O3; Dy2O3 with nanorod-like structure; radiotracer; Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis
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Seo, S.-E.; Choi, S.-H. Preparation of the Nanostructured Radioisotope Metallic Oxide by Neutron Irradiation for Use as Radiotracers. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1115.

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