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Interaction between Highly Diluted Samples, Protein Solutions and Water in a Controlled Magnetic Field

Institute of Cell Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Pushchino, Russia
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Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(10), 5185; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12105185
Received: 29 March 2022 / Revised: 18 May 2022 / Accepted: 18 May 2022 / Published: 20 May 2022
We have previously shown that water incubated in a weak combined magnetic field (CMF) increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by neutrophils. Adding high dilutions (HD) of water into the same system resulted in a similar effect. HD of antibodies to interferon-gamma (HD Abs to IFNγ) were shown to emit electromagnetic radiation and affect hydrogen bond energies. Here, we aimed to evaluate the effect of HD of substances (donor) on the properties of aqueous solutions (acceptor). The donor and acceptor were incubated for 1 h in a controlled magnetic field so that the walls of the two cuvettes were in close contact. As a control, the acceptor was incubated under the same conditions but without the donor. An aliquot of the acceptor solution was then added to mouse neutrophils, and ROS levels were measured using luminol-dependent chemiluminescence assay. Joint incubation led to a 185–356% increase (p < 0.05) in ROS production, depending on the type of acceptor sample. The magnitude of the effect depended on the parameters of the magnetic field. In a CMF, the effect was strongest, completely disappearing in a magnetic vacuum or with shielding. These findings are important for understanding the physical mechanism of action of HD preparations, which opens up opportunities for expanding their practical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; weak magnetic field; distant effect; high dilutions; neutrophils; chemiluminescence; ROS water; weak magnetic field; distant effect; high dilutions; neutrophils; chemiluminescence; ROS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Novikov, V.V.; Yablokova, E.V. Interaction between Highly Diluted Samples, Protein Solutions and Water in a Controlled Magnetic Field. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 5185. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12105185

AMA Style

Novikov VV, Yablokova EV. Interaction between Highly Diluted Samples, Protein Solutions and Water in a Controlled Magnetic Field. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(10):5185. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12105185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Novikov, Vadim V., and Elena V. Yablokova. 2022. "Interaction between Highly Diluted Samples, Protein Solutions and Water in a Controlled Magnetic Field" Applied Sciences 12, no. 10: 5185. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12105185

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