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Article

Quaternion Codes in MIMO System of Dual-Polarized Antennas

1
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, Dubai 19282, United Arab Emirates
2
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 43rd IEEE International Conference on Telecommunication and Signal Processing (IEEE-TSP), 2020.
Academic Editor: Norbert Herencsar
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 3131; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073131
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2021 / Accepted: 12 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
The use of quaternion orthogonal designs (QODs) to describe point-to-point communication among dual-polarized antennas has the potential to provide higher rate orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal complex designs exploiting polarization diversity among space and time diversities. Furthermore, it is essential to have a space time block code (STBC) which offers a linear and decoupled decoder which quasi-orthogonal designs fail to attain. In this paper, we show how the realm of quaternions unexpectedly offers us a possible solution and codes obtained from quaternion designs mostly achieve both linear and decoupled decoders. This motivated us to perform an indispensable search for QODs such that the code rate is bounded below by 1/2 and does not sharply decrease as the number of transmit antennas increases. It is shown that three famous recursive techniques do not satisfy this criteria and their code rates decrease rather rapidly. Therefore, we propose another method of constructing quaternion designs suitable for any number of transmit antennas and verify that these attain linear and decoupled decoders with the system model based on quaternionic channel. It is shown that such designs outperform others in terms of transmit diversity, code rates and the optimality of the proposed decoder is validated through simulation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: quaternion orthogonal designs; quasi quaternion orthogonal designs; maximum-likelihood decoder; MIMO; Dual-polarized antennas quaternion orthogonal designs; quasi quaternion orthogonal designs; maximum-likelihood decoder; MIMO; Dual-polarized antennas
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, S.; Qureshi, S.S.; Hassan, S.A. Quaternion Codes in MIMO System of Dual-Polarized Antennas. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3131. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073131

AMA Style

Ali S, Qureshi SS, Hassan SA. Quaternion Codes in MIMO System of Dual-Polarized Antennas. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(7):3131. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073131

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ali, Sajid; Qureshi, Sara S.; Hassan, Syed A. 2021. "Quaternion Codes in MIMO System of Dual-Polarized Antennas" Appl. Sci. 11, no. 7: 3131. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073131

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