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HADES: A Multi-Agent Platform to Reduce Congestion Anchoring Based on Temporal Coordination of Vessel Arrivals—Application to the Multi-Client Liquid Bulk Terminal in the Port of Cartagena (Spain)

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Department of Mining and Civil Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, 30203 Cartagena, Spain
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Port Authority of Cartagena, Plaza Héroes de Cavite, 30201 Cartagena, Spain
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Telecommunication Networks Engineering Group (GIRTEL), Department of Communications and Information Technologies, Technical University of Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
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E-lighthouse Network Solutions, 30203 Cartagena, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Emanuele Carpanzano
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 3109; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073109
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 29 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Marine Science and Engineering)
Ports are key factors in international trade, and new port terminals are quite costly and time consuming to build. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize existing infrastructure to achieve sustainability in logistics. This problem is more complex in multi-client port terminals, where quay infrastructure is shared among terminal operators who often have conflicting interests. Moreover, the berth allocation problem in liquid bulk terminals implies demanding restrictions due to the reduced flexibility in berth allocation for these types of goods. In this context, this paper presents HADES, a multi-agent platform, and the experience of its pilot use in the Port of Cartagena. HADES is a software platform where agents involved in vessel arrivals share meaningful but limited information. This is done to alleviate potential congestion in multi-client liquid bulk terminals, promoting a consensus where overall congestion anchoring is reduced. A study is presented using a mixed integer linear program (MILP) optimization model to analyze the maximum theoretical reduction in congestion anchoring, depending on the flexibility of vessel arrival time changes. Results show that 6 h of flexibility is enough to reduce congestion anchoring by half, and 24 h reduces it to negligible values. This confirms the utility of HADES, which is also briefly described. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-agent platform; multi-client terminal; port management; congestion anchoring; liquid bulk terminal; berth allocation problem multi-agent platform; multi-client terminal; port management; congestion anchoring; liquid bulk terminal; berth allocation problem
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiménez, P.; Gómez-Fuster, J.M.; Pavón-Mariño, P. HADES: A Multi-Agent Platform to Reduce Congestion Anchoring Based on Temporal Coordination of Vessel Arrivals—Application to the Multi-Client Liquid Bulk Terminal in the Port of Cartagena (Spain). Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3109. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073109

AMA Style

Jiménez P, Gómez-Fuster JM, Pavón-Mariño P. HADES: A Multi-Agent Platform to Reduce Congestion Anchoring Based on Temporal Coordination of Vessel Arrivals—Application to the Multi-Client Liquid Bulk Terminal in the Port of Cartagena (Spain). Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(7):3109. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiménez, Pilar, José M. Gómez-Fuster, and Pablo Pavón-Mariño. 2021. "HADES: A Multi-Agent Platform to Reduce Congestion Anchoring Based on Temporal Coordination of Vessel Arrivals—Application to the Multi-Client Liquid Bulk Terminal in the Port of Cartagena (Spain)" Applied Sciences 11, no. 7: 3109. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073109

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