As system complexity is on the rise, there is a growing need for standardized building blocks to increase the likelihood of systems’ success. Conceptual modeling is the primary activity required for engineering systems to be understood, designed, and managed. Modern modeling languages enable describing the requirements and design of systems in a formal yet understandable way. These languages use stereotypes to standardize, clarify the model semantics, and extend the meaning of model elements. An Internet of things (IoT) system serves as an example to show the significant contributions of stereotypes to model construction, comprehension, error reduction, and increased productivity during design, simulation, and combined hardware–software system execution. This research emphasizes stereotype features that are unique to Object-Process Methodology (OPM) ISO 19450, differentiating it from stereotypes in other conceptual modeling languages. We present the implementation of stereotypes in OPCloud, an OPM modeling software environment, explore stereotype-related problems, propose solutions, and discuss future enhancements.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited