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Nutritional and Health Potential of Probiotics: A Review

Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Department of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 31 Wojska Polskiego St., 60-624 Poznań, Poland
National Engineering Laboratory for Agri-Product Quality Traceability, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, School of Food and Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Department of Environmental Design, Health and Nutritional Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Patrizia Messi and Anabela Raymundo
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(23), 11204;
Received: 26 September 2021 / Revised: 10 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Applied Microbiology and Food Sciences)
Several products consist of probiotics that are available in markets, and their potential uses are growing day by day, mainly because some strains of probiotics promote the health of gut microbiota, especially Furmicutes and Bacteroidetes, and may prevent certain gastrointestinal tract (GIT) problems. Some common diseases are inversely linked with the consumption of probiotics, i.e., obesity, type 2 diabetes, autism, osteoporosis, and some immunological disorders, for which the disease progression gets delayed. In addition to disease mitigating properties, these microbes also improve oral, nutritional, and intestinal health, followed by a robust defensive mechanism against particular gut pathogens, specifically by antimicrobial substances and peptides producing probiotics (AMPs). All these positive attributes of probiotics depend upon the type of microbial strains dispensed. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Bifidobacteria are the most common microbes used, but many other microbes are available, and their use depends upon origin and health-promoting properties. This review article focuses on the most common probiotics, their health benefits, and the alleviating mechanisms against chronic kidney diseases (CKD), type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes (T2D), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotics; health benefits; alleviating mechanism; CKD; T1D; T2D; obesity probiotics; health benefits; alleviating mechanism; CKD; T1D; T2D; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ranjha, M.M.A.N.; Shafique, B.; Batool, M.; Kowalczewski, P.Ł.; Shehzad, Q.; Usman, M.; Manzoor, M.F.; Zahra, S.M.; Yaqub, S.; Aadil, R.M. Nutritional and Health Potential of Probiotics: A Review. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 11204.

AMA Style

Ranjha MMAN, Shafique B, Batool M, Kowalczewski PŁ, Shehzad Q, Usman M, Manzoor MF, Zahra SM, Yaqub S, Aadil RM. Nutritional and Health Potential of Probiotics: A Review. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(23):11204.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ranjha, Muhammad M.A.N., Bakhtawar Shafique, Maria Batool, Przemysław Ł. Kowalczewski, Qayyum Shehzad, Muhammad Usman, Muhammad F. Manzoor, Syeda M. Zahra, Shazia Yaqub, and Rana M. Aadil 2021. "Nutritional and Health Potential of Probiotics: A Review" Applied Sciences 11, no. 23: 11204.

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