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Review

Tuning the Cell and Biological Tissue Environment through Magneto-Active Materials

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Department of Continuum Mechanics and Structural Analysis, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, Leganes, 28911 Madrid, Spain
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Bristol Robotic Lab, University of West England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
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Department of Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, Leganes, 28911 Madrid, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, Calle de O’Donnell, 48, 28009 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Scarano
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(18), 8746; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188746
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 25 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Scaffolds for Biomedical Applications)
This review focuses on novel applications based on multifunctional materials to actuate biological processes. The first section of the work revisits the current knowledge on mechanically dependent biological processes across several scales from subcellular and cellular level to the cell-collective scale (continuum approaches). This analysis presents a wide variety of mechanically dependent biological processes on nervous system behaviour; bone development and healing; collective cell migration. In the second section, this review presents recent advances in smart materials suitable for use as cell substrates or scaffolds, with a special focus on magneto-active polymers (MAPs). Throughout the manuscript, both experimental and computational methodologies applied to the different treated topics are reviewed. Finally, the use of smart polymeric materials in bioengineering applications is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomechanics; mechanobiology; magneto-active polymers; magnetorheological elastomers; ferrogels; constitutive modelling; cell migration; tissue remodelling; 3D printing biomechanics; mechanobiology; magneto-active polymers; magnetorheological elastomers; ferrogels; constitutive modelling; cell migration; tissue remodelling; 3D printing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzalez-Rico, J.; Nunez-Sardinha, E.; Valencia, L.; Arias, A.; Muñoz-Barrutia, A.; Velasco, D.; Garcia-Gonzalez, D. Tuning the Cell and Biological Tissue Environment through Magneto-Active Materials. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 8746. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188746

AMA Style

Gonzalez-Rico J, Nunez-Sardinha E, Valencia L, Arias A, Muñoz-Barrutia A, Velasco D, Garcia-Gonzalez D. Tuning the Cell and Biological Tissue Environment through Magneto-Active Materials. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(18):8746. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188746

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonzalez-Rico, Jorge, Emanuel Nunez-Sardinha, Leticia Valencia, Angel Arias, Arrate Muñoz-Barrutia, Diego Velasco, and Daniel Garcia-Gonzalez. 2021. "Tuning the Cell and Biological Tissue Environment through Magneto-Active Materials" Applied Sciences 11, no. 18: 8746. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188746

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