# PFC Single-Phase AC/DC Boost Converters: Bridge, Semi-Bridgeless, and Bridgeless Topologies

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## Abstract

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## 1. Introduction

## 2. Categorization of Bridge Boost Converter Topologies

#### 2.1. BBC Topologies

#### 2.2. Conventional Interleaved BBC

#### 2.3. Conventional Hybrid Interleaved PFC Topology Based on a Boost Converter

#### 2.4. Conventional PFC Topology with Bidirectional Switch

## 3. Categorization of Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter Topologies

#### 3.1. Conventional Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter Topology

#### 3.2. Conventional Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Soft Switching

#### 3.3. Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Isolation

#### 3.4. Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Clamped Diodes

#### 3.5. Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Clamped Switches

#### 3.6. Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Clamped Diodes and Switches

#### 3.7. Semi-Bridgeless Boost Converter with Clamped Capacitors

#### 3.8. Semi-Bridgeless Topology with Internal Snubber Circuit

## 4. Categorization of Bridgeless Boost Converters

#### 4.1. Totem Pole Topology

#### 4.2. Bridgeless Boost Converter, Interleaved Totem-Pole

#### 4.3. Pseudo Totem-Pole

## 5. Summary of PFC Single-Phase AC-DC Based on Topologies of a Boost Converter

## 6. Conclusions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Institutional Review Board Statement

## Informed Consent Statement

## Data Availability Statement

## Acknowledgments

## Conflicts of Interest

## References

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**Figure 6.**BBC converter with bidirectional switch: (

**a**) bidirectional and flexible switches; (

**b**) bidirectional and interleaved.

**Figure 13.**Semi-bridgeless boost topology with clamped capacitors: (

**a**) conventional; (

**b**) coupling inductors.

**Figure 15.**Conventional BBC or totem-pole converter: (

**a**) line rectification with diodes; (

**b**) line rectification with switches.

Converter | Category | Control | Voltage | Power | Semi- Conductors | Inductors+ Capacitors | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

BBC | SBBC | BLBC | Linear | Non-Linear | L | M | L | M | |||

Conventional | X | X | X | X | X | 6 | 2 | ||||

Psudo continuous | X | X | X | X | 8 | 2 | |||||

Interleaved | X | X | X | X | X | 8 | 3 | ||||

Hybrid interleaved | X | X | X | Not recommended | 10 | 4 | |||||

Bidirectional | X | X | X | X | 6 | 3 | |||||

Bidirectionalflexible switches | X | X | Not recommended | 8 | 3 | ||||||

Bidirectionalinterleaved | X | X | Not recommended | 8 | 3 | ||||||

Conventional | X | X | X | X | X | 4 | 2 | ||||

Soft switching | X | X | X | X | X | 6 | 5 | ||||

Isolation | X | X | X | X | X | 5 | 3 | ||||

Clamped Diodes | X | X | X | X | X | X | 6 | 3 | |||

Clamped switches | X | X | X | X | X | 6 | 4 | ||||

Clamped diodesand switches | X | X | X | X | 8 | 3 | |||||

Clamped capacitors | X | X | X | X | X | 4 | 5 | ||||

Clamped capacitorscoupling inductors | X | X | X | X | X | X | 4 | 7 | |||

Zero voltage transition | X | X | Not recommended | 11 | 5 | ||||||

Conventional | X | X | X | X | X | 4 | 2 | ||||

Conventional GaN | X | X | X | X | X | 4 | 2 | ||||

Interleaved | X | X | X | X | X | 6 | 5 | ||||

Interleaved GaN | X | X | X | X | 6 | 4 | |||||

Pseudo totem-pole | X | X | Not recommended | 6 | 3 |

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**MDPI and ACS Style**

Ortiz-Castrillón, J.R.; Mejía-Ruíz, G.E.; Muñoz-Galeano, N.; López-Lezama, J.M.; Saldarriaga-Zuluaga, S.D.
PFC Single-Phase AC/DC Boost Converters: Bridge, Semi-Bridgeless, and Bridgeless Topologies. *Appl. Sci.* **2021**, *11*, 7651.
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11167651

**AMA Style**

Ortiz-Castrillón JR, Mejía-Ruíz GE, Muñoz-Galeano N, López-Lezama JM, Saldarriaga-Zuluaga SD.
PFC Single-Phase AC/DC Boost Converters: Bridge, Semi-Bridgeless, and Bridgeless Topologies. *Applied Sciences*. 2021; 11(16):7651.
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11167651

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Ortiz-Castrillón, José R., Gabriel Eduardo Mejía-Ruíz, Nicolás Muñoz-Galeano, Jesús M. López-Lezama, and Sergio D. Saldarriaga-Zuluaga.
2021. "PFC Single-Phase AC/DC Boost Converters: Bridge, Semi-Bridgeless, and Bridgeless Topologies" *Applied Sciences* 11, no. 16: 7651.
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11167651