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Article

Optical Chirality Determined from Mueller Matrices

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Materials Optics, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping, Sweden
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J. A. Woollam Co., Inc., 645 M Street, Suite 102, Lincoln, NE 68508, USA
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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rochester, 4510 Wegmans Hall, P. O. Box 270166, Rochester, NY 14627-0166, USA
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Cinvestav-Querétaro, Libramiento Norponiente 2000, Querétaro 76230, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mario Bertolotti and Emilija Petronijevic
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(15), 6742; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156742
Received: 10 June 2021 / Revised: 7 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optical Chirality: Structures, Detection and Applications)
Optical chirality, in terms of circular birefringence and circular dichroism, is described by its electromagnetic and magnetoelectric material tensors, and the corresponding optical activity contributes to the Mueller matrix. Here, spectroscopic ellipsometry in the spectral range 210–1690 nm is used to address chiral phenomena by measuring Mueller matrices in transmission. Three approaches to determine chirality parameters are discussed. In the first approach, applicable in the absence of linear polarization effects, circular birefringence and circular dichroism are evaluated directly from elements of a Mueller matrix. In the second method, differential decomposition is employed, which allows for the unique separation of chirality parameters from linear anisotropic parameters as well as from depolarization provided that the sample is homogeneous along the optical path. Finally, electromagnetic modeling using the Tellegen constitutive relations is presented. The last method also allows structural effects to be included. The three methods to quantify optical chirality are demonstrated for selected materials, including sugar solutions, α-quartz, liquid crystals, beetle cuticle, and films of cellulose nanocrystals. View Full-Text
Keywords: transmission Mueller-matrix; optical chirality; CD-spectroscopy; spectroscopic ellipsometry; differential decomposition transmission Mueller-matrix; optical chirality; CD-spectroscopy; spectroscopic ellipsometry; differential decomposition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arwin, H.; Schoeche, S.; Hilfiker, J.; Hartveit, M.; Järrendahl, K.; Juárez-Rivera, O.R.; Mendoza-Galván, A.; Magnusson, R. Optical Chirality Determined from Mueller Matrices. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 6742. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156742

AMA Style

Arwin H, Schoeche S, Hilfiker J, Hartveit M, Järrendahl K, Juárez-Rivera OR, Mendoza-Galván A, Magnusson R. Optical Chirality Determined from Mueller Matrices. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(15):6742. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156742

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arwin, Hans, Stefan Schoeche, James Hilfiker, Mattias Hartveit, Kenneth Järrendahl, Olga R. Juárez-Rivera, Arturo Mendoza-Galván, and Roger Magnusson. 2021. "Optical Chirality Determined from Mueller Matrices" Applied Sciences 11, no. 15: 6742. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156742

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