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Article

The Effect of Surgical Mask Use in Anaerobic Running Performance

1
Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Tajo Street, s/n, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Redha Taiar
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(14), 6555; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11146555
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 7 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 16 July 2021
COVID-19 restrictions stipulate the mandatory use of surgical masks during outdoor and indoor physical activities. The impact of this on athletic performance and especially on anaerobic physical activities is poorly known. The aim of the present research was to analyze the effect of surgical mask use on the anaerobic running performance of athletes. Modifications in running time, blood lactate, blood glucose, blood oxygen saturation, subjective perceived stress, rating of perceived exertion, and heart rate variability were measured in 50 m and 400 m maximal running tests with and without the use of surgical masks in 72 athletes. The use of a surgical mask increased blood lactate concentration, sympathetic autonomic modulation, perceived exertion, perceived stress, and decreased blood oxygen saturation in 50 and 400 m running tests. Thus, the higher levels of blood lactate and lower blood oxygen saturation require adaptation of the athlete’s rest and recovery periods to the acute workload. The higher level of sympathetic activation makes the acute and chronic control of autonomic modulation essential for an efficient training periodization. Finally, the use of acid buffers such as bicarbonate or sodium citrate would be a recommended ergogenic strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; blood oxygen saturation; rating of perceived exertion; glucose; sport performance COVID-19; blood oxygen saturation; rating of perceived exertion; glucose; sport performance
MDPI and ACS Style

Tornero-Aguilera, J.F.; Rubio-Zarapuz, A.; Bustamante-Sánchez, A.; Clemente-Suárez, V.J. The Effect of Surgical Mask Use in Anaerobic Running Performance. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 6555. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11146555

AMA Style

Tornero-Aguilera JF, Rubio-Zarapuz A, Bustamante-Sánchez A, Clemente-Suárez VJ. The Effect of Surgical Mask Use in Anaerobic Running Performance. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(14):6555. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11146555

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tornero-Aguilera, José Francisco, Alejandro Rubio-Zarapuz, Alvaro Bustamante-Sánchez, and Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez. 2021. "The Effect of Surgical Mask Use in Anaerobic Running Performance" Applied Sciences 11, no. 14: 6555. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11146555

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