Image magnification can be reduced to construct an approximation surface with data points in the image while keeping image details and edge features. In this paper, a new image magnification method is proposed by constructing piecewise bicubic polynomial surfaces constrained by edge features. The main innovation includes three parts. First, on the small adjacent area of each pixel, the new method constructs a quadratic polynomial sampling patch to approximate pixels on the small neighborhood with edge features as constraints. All quadric polynomial sampling patches are weighted to generate piecewise whole bicubic polynomial sampling surface. Second, a technique for calculating the error image is proposed: the error image is used to construct a correction surface to improve the accuracy and visual effect of the magnified image. Finally, in order to improve the accuracy of the approximation surface, a technology of balancing polynomial coefficients is put forward. Experimental results show that, compared with other methods, the proposed method makes better use of the local feature information of the image, which not only improves the PSNR/SSIM numerical accuracy of the magnified image but also improves the visual effect of the magnified image.
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