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Micromagnetic Modeling of All Optical Switching of Ferromagnetic Thin Films: The Role of Inverse Faraday Effect and Magnetic Circular Dichroism

Departamento de Física Aplicada, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 1307; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041307
Received: 30 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
There is a lot of experimental evidence of All Optical Switching (AOS) by applying ultrashort laser pulses on ferromagnetic thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. However, the physical origin behind these processes remains under debate. In addition to the heating caused by the laser pulses, the Inverse Faraday Effect (IFE) and Magnetic Circular Dichroism (MCD) have been proposed as the most probable phenomena responsible for the observations of helicity-dependent AOS. Here, we review the influence of both phenomena by means of realistic micromagnetic simulations based on the Landau–Lifshitz–Bloch equation coupled to the heat transport caused by the laser heating. The analysis allows us to reveal the similarities and differences between both effects. While both mechanisms may lead to the local inversion of the initial magnetic state of a ferromagnetic sample submitted to a train of circularly polarized laser pulses, the Inverse Faraday Effect proves to be more efficient for nucleation and domain wall movement and it reproduces more accurately the different magnetic configurations that the experiments report for different values of the fluence of the laser beam. View Full-Text
Keywords: micromagnetism; helicity-dependent all optical switching; Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation; two temperatures model; Inverse Faraday Effect; magnetic circular dichroism micromagnetism; helicity-dependent all optical switching; Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation; two temperatures model; Inverse Faraday Effect; magnetic circular dichroism
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Raposo, V.; Guedas, R.; García-Sánchez, F.; Hernández, M.A.; Zazo, M.; Martínez, E. Micromagnetic Modeling of All Optical Switching of Ferromagnetic Thin Films: The Role of Inverse Faraday Effect and Magnetic Circular Dichroism. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1307.

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