Although possessing a remarkable anti-contamination capacity, the deflector jet valve is still confronted with erosion wear brought by solid particles in hydraulic oil. To describe the erosion wear mechanism in the hydraulic amplifier of servo valves, a RANS-based CFD simulation is conducted to obtain its internal wear distribution following the Oka erosion model, which shows the erosion wear in servo valves can be divided into four levels and the major wear happens on the shunt wedge, characterized by a regular and fluctuant distribution. Further, there exist multiple relative maximums of erosion rates, whose locations deviate from the jet center. On this basis, the correlation between the contamination level of hydraulic oil and the degree of erosion wear is established. Moreover, according to the working mechanism of the hydraulic amplifier, a new failure criterion of the deflector jet valve is proposed to carry out valve lifespan analyses. Then, a lifespan prediction formula is obtained, and calculations show that hydraulic oil must have a contamination level superior to NAS 5 if a lifespan of over 20,000 h is expected.
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