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Analysis of Low Cost Communication Technologies for V2I Applications

Intelligent and Sustainable Transport and Mobility Departament, CIDAUT Foundation, Technological Park of Boecillo, 47151 Valladolid, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 1249;
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 30 January 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technologies and Applications of Communications in Road Transport)
The automated and connected vehicle will be a great technology development and it will change mobility habits. The two main positive effects of its integration are the improvement of road safety and the reduction of pollutant emissions of the vehicles. But first, the technology must be available. With the arrival of 5G (Fifth Generation), it will be a reality. However, the 5G could have some operation failures which could isolate the vehicle from the rest of the infrastructure. So, a solution is required which can improve communication reliability such that, if the 5G would fail, the short/middle range technology integrated will lead the vehicle with V2I communication. This integration would provide a reliable and strong solution. In this work, an analysis of different available communication technologies was carried out with a short/middle range, the selection criteria being lower cost and easy integration with 5G. To contrast the technologies, a validation methodology was developed, which enabled us to evaluate the performance ofV2I applications. We observed a comparatively higher performance of the module nRF24L01+ for V2I communication. View Full-Text
Keywords: V2I; nRF24L01+; ZigBee; Wi-Fi; communicative performance; low cost V2I; nRF24L01+; ZigBee; Wi-Fi; communicative performance; low cost
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Martínez, A.; Cañibano, E.; Romo, J. Analysis of Low Cost Communication Technologies for V2I Applications. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1249.

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