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Open AccessArticle

Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol/Bacterial-Cellulose-Coated Biochar–Nanosilver Antibacterial Composite Membranes

1
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, Shaanxi, China
2
Shanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Gold and Resource, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, Shaanxi, China
3
School of Resources Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, Shaanxi, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 752; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030752
Received: 17 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Approaches for Drinking- and Waste-Water Treatment)
Pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms in drinking water can cause various diseases, and new types of antibacterial material for water treatment and filtration are urgently needed. In this work, polyvinyl alcohol/bacterial cellulose/biochar–nanosilver (PVA/BC/C-Ag) antibacterial composite membrane materials were prepared by uniformly dispersing C-Ag particles in a PVA/BC mixed gel. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) were used to characterize the composite membranes. Results indicated that the BC was uniformly mixed into the PVA gel and that the C-Ag particles were uniformly immobilized in the PVA/BC hybrid membrane. The PVA/BC/C-Ag composite membranes exhibited excellent antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli when assayed using a plate-counting technique. When used to treat actual contaminated water, the composite membranes demonstrated sustained antibacterial activity and good reusability. PVA/BC/C-Ag composite membranes have great potential for the development of drinking water treatment applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibacterial activity; polyvinyl alcohol; bacterial cellulose; drinking water; silver nanoparticles antibacterial activity; polyvinyl alcohol; bacterial cellulose; drinking water; silver nanoparticles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Zheng, S.; Hu, Z.; Zhong, L.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, X.; Xue, J. Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol/Bacterial-Cellulose-Coated Biochar–Nanosilver Antibacterial Composite Membranes. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 752.

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