Next Article in Journal
Deep Subspace Clustering with Block Diagonal Constraint
Previous Article in Journal
Diagnostic Performance and Radiation Dose of the EOS System to Image Enchondromatosis: A Phantom Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ion Pairs of 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Triflate Do Not Dissociate in Propan-1-ol: A Vibrational Spectroscopic Viewpoint
Article

Investigation of Electrical Conductivity, Optical Property, and Stability of 2D MXene Nanofluid Containing Ionic Liquids

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar 32610, Malaysia
2
Research Centre for Nano-Materials and Energy Technology (RCNMET), School of Science and Technology, Sunway University, Petaling Jaya 47500, Malaysia
3
Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
5
College of Engineering, IT & Environment, Charles Darwin University, Ellengowan Drive, Casuarina 0810, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(24), 8943; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248943
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 13 December 2020 / Published: 15 December 2020
The addition of ionic liquids with MXene nanofluid has a substantial impact on the solar thermal collectors’ working fluid’s optical properties that effectively absorb and distribute solar radiation. Increased solar radiation absorption potential ensures that heats are transported more rapidly and effectively. This research endeavors to investigate the concept of accumulating solar energy via the usage of ionic liquid-based 2D MXene nanofluid (Ionanofluids) for solar applications. In this study, the optical potential of Diethylene Glycol/MXene nanofluid incorporated with 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium octyl sulfate ([Emim][OSO4]) ionic liquid was extensively investigated with respect to MXene concentration (0.1 to 0.4 wt%) and time (first day and seventh day) through UV-Vis Spectroscopy. A two-step approach was employed to synthesize the proposed ionanofluids with nanoparticle concentrations from 0.1 to 0.4 wt%. In wavelengths between 240 to 790 nm, the effect of ionic liquids, MXene concentration, and dispersion stability played a significant part in enhancing the absorbance capacity of the formulated MXene based Ionanofluid. Furthermore, the increase in the concentration of MXene nanoparticles resulted in more absorbance peaks facilitating high light absorption. Finally, the electrical conductivity of the ionanofluids is also analyzed as MXene renders them promising for solar cell applications. The utmost electrical conductivity of the formulated fluids of 571 μS/cm (micro siemens per centimeter) was achieved at 0.4 wt% concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2D MXene; ionic liquids; nanofluids; electrical; optical; stability; spectroscopy 2D MXene; ionic liquids; nanofluids; electrical; optical; stability; spectroscopy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bakthavatchalam, B.; Habib, K.; Saidur, R.; Aslfattahi, N.; Rashedi, A. Investigation of Electrical Conductivity, Optical Property, and Stability of 2D MXene Nanofluid Containing Ionic Liquids. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8943. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248943

AMA Style

Bakthavatchalam B, Habib K, Saidur R, Aslfattahi N, Rashedi A. Investigation of Electrical Conductivity, Optical Property, and Stability of 2D MXene Nanofluid Containing Ionic Liquids. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(24):8943. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248943

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bakthavatchalam, Balaji, Khairul Habib, R. Saidur, Navid Aslfattahi, and A. Rashedi 2020. "Investigation of Electrical Conductivity, Optical Property, and Stability of 2D MXene Nanofluid Containing Ionic Liquids" Applied Sciences 10, no. 24: 8943. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248943

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop