Pyrrolidinium-based (Pyr) ionic liquids are a very wide family of molecular species. Pyrrolidinium cations are electrochemically stable in a large potential interval and their molecular size hinders their transport properties. The corresponding ionic liquids with trifluoromethyl sulphonyl imide anions are excellent solvents for lithium/sodium salts and have been demonstrated as electrolytes in aprotic batteries with enhanced safety standards. In this study, the analysis of the physicochemical properties of a homologous series of pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquids with general formula Pyr1,x
TFSI (x = 1–8) have been tackled by first principles calculations based on the density functional theory. The molecular structures of isolated ions and ion pairs have been predicted by electronic structure calculations at B3LYP level of theory in vacuum or in simulated solvents. Thermodynamic properties have been calculated to evaluate the ion pairs dissociation and oxidation/reduction stability. This is the first systematic computational analysis of this series of molecules with a specific focus on the impact of the length of the alkyl chain on the pyrrolidinium cation on the overall physicochemical properties of the ion pairs.
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