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Article

Evaluation of Color Change and Biodeterioration Resistance of Gewang (Corypha utan Lamk.) Wood

1
Forest Products Department, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Kampus IPB, Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
2
Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(21), 7501; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217501
Received: 28 September 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Advanced Technologies in Wood Science)
Gewang (Corypha utan Lamk.) is one of the endemic palm species which has been used as a building material for many years in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to enhance the overall resistance of gewang wood to biological deterioration by using smoke treatment. Samples taken from different parts of the trunks, namely bottom, middle, and upper parts in a longitudinal direction and outer and inner parts in a transversal direction, were exposed to the smoking process. Discoloration, dry-wood termite (Cryptotemes cynocephalus) and fungi (Schizophyllumcommune) resistance of smoked samples were determined according to the Indonesian standard. Based on the findings in this work, discoloration of smoked specimens was more prominent than that of the unsmoked samples. Overall termite and decay resistance of smoked samples were enhanced and higher than those of unsmoked samples without any influence of longitudinal and transversal orientations within the trunks. It appears that smoking can be considered as a potential method to improve decay and termite resistances of gewang wood. View Full-Text
Keywords: gewang palm wood; decay fungus; dry-wood termite damage; smoke treatment gewang palm wood; decay fungus; dry-wood termite damage; smoke treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nandika, D.; Darmawan, W.; Karlinasari, L.; Hadi, Y.S.; Abdillah, I.B.; Hiziroglu, S. Evaluation of Color Change and Biodeterioration Resistance of Gewang (Corypha utan Lamk.) Wood. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217501

AMA Style

Nandika D, Darmawan W, Karlinasari L, Hadi YS, Abdillah IB, Hiziroglu S. Evaluation of Color Change and Biodeterioration Resistance of Gewang (Corypha utan Lamk.) Wood. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(21):7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217501

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nandika, Dodi, Wayan Darmawan, Lina Karlinasari, Yusuf Sudo Hadi, Imam Busyra Abdillah, and Salim Hiziroglu. 2020. "Evaluation of Color Change and Biodeterioration Resistance of Gewang (Corypha utan Lamk.) Wood" Applied Sciences 10, no. 21: 7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217501

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