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Review

Accuracy and Reliability of Local Positioning Systems for Measuring Sport Movement Patterns in Stadium-Scale: A Systematic Review

1
Departament of Physical Education and Sport, University of Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
2
Society, Sports and Physical Exercise Research Group (GIKAFIT), Departament of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education and Sport, University of Basque Country (UPV-EHU), 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
3
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de NunÁlvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
5
Centro de Investigación y Diagnóstico en Salud y Deporte (CIDISAD), Escuela deCiencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida, Universidad Nacional, Heredia 86-3000, Costa Rica
6
Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 San Javier, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(17), 5994; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10175994
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 18 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue In-Silico Methods in Musculoskeletal Biomechanics and Biotribology)
The use of valid, accurate and reliable systems is decisive for ensuring the data collection and correct interpretation of the values. Several studies have reviewed these aspects on the measurement of movement patterns by high-definition cameras (VID) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) but not by Local Positioning Systems (LPS). Thus, the aim of the review was to summarize the evidence about the validity and reliability of LPS technology to measure movement patterns at human level in outdoor and indoor stadium-scale. The authors systematically searched three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus) to extract studies published before 21 October 2019. A Boolean search phrase was created to include sport (population; 8 keywords), search terms relevant to intervention technology (intervention technology; 6 keywords) and measure outcomes of the technology (outcomes; 7 keywords). From the 62 articles found, 16 were included in the qualitative synthesis. This systematic review revealed that the tested LPS systems proved to be valid and accurate in determining the position and estimating distances and speeds, although they were not valid or their accuracy decreased when measuring instantaneous speed, peak accelerations or decelerations or monitoring particular conditions (e.g., changes of direction, turns). Considering the variability levels, the included studies showed that LPS provide a reliable way to measure distance variables and athletes’ average speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: local positioning system; electronic performance and tracking system; technology; game-analysis local positioning system; electronic performance and tracking system; technology; game-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rico-González, M.; Los Arcos, A.; Clemente, F.M.; Rojas-Valverde, D.; Pino-Ortega, J. Accuracy and Reliability of Local Positioning Systems for Measuring Sport Movement Patterns in Stadium-Scale: A Systematic Review. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 5994. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10175994

AMA Style

Rico-González M, Los Arcos A, Clemente FM, Rojas-Valverde D, Pino-Ortega J. Accuracy and Reliability of Local Positioning Systems for Measuring Sport Movement Patterns in Stadium-Scale: A Systematic Review. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(17):5994. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10175994

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rico-González, Markel, Asier Los Arcos, Filipe M. Clemente, Daniel Rojas-Valverde, and José Pino-Ortega. 2020. "Accuracy and Reliability of Local Positioning Systems for Measuring Sport Movement Patterns in Stadium-Scale: A Systematic Review" Applied Sciences 10, no. 17: 5994. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10175994

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