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Success through Trust, Control, and Learning? Contrasting the Drivers of SME Performance between Different Modes of Foreign Market Entry

Research Centre “Trust and Communication in a Digitized World”, University of Muenster, Geiststraße 24-26, 48151 Münster, Germany
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Academic Editors: Ann-Marie Nienaber and Gerhard Schewe
Adm. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci7020009
Received: 28 November 2016 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue International Relations and the Role of Trust)
Globalization and international competition have driven a large number of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to enter foreign markets. However, current knowledge on which factors determine SMEs’ foreign market performance and secure their success is limited. Using empirical data on 280 German SMEs’ activities in Arab markets, we contrast the performance effect of trust with those of control and learning (three of the most prominently studied success factors) across three different structural modes of market entry: non-equity entry, cooperative entry, and wholly-owned subsidiaries. Our results reveal marked differences between the three entry modes and we offer a detailed discussion of the underlying structural and cultural reasons. Consequently, this study allows for a comprehensive understanding of the determinants of SMEs’ foreign market performance and provides relevant advice as to which managerial approach to emphasize for which mode of foreign market entry. View Full-Text
Keywords: SME; trust; control; learning; performance; market entry; Arab markets SME; trust; control; learning; performance; market entry; Arab markets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Holtgrave, M.; Onay, M. Success through Trust, Control, and Learning? Contrasting the Drivers of SME Performance between Different Modes of Foreign Market Entry. Adm. Sci. 2017, 7, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci7020009

AMA Style

Holtgrave M, Onay M. Success through Trust, Control, and Learning? Contrasting the Drivers of SME Performance between Different Modes of Foreign Market Entry. Administrative Sciences. 2017; 7(2):9. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci7020009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holtgrave, Maximilian; Onay, Mert. 2017. "Success through Trust, Control, and Learning? Contrasting the Drivers of SME Performance between Different Modes of Foreign Market Entry" Adm. Sci. 7, no. 2: 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci7020009

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